The latest update of official government food advice offers new direction on sugar and cholesterol intake.
The latest updates to the USDA Food Guidelines were released last week, and the recommendations around sugar consumption are getting a lot of attention. The guidelines, which are updated every five years, now suggest that Americans limit their intake of added sugars to less than 10 percent of their daily calories, or about 10 to 12 teaspoons per day for a 2,000 calorie diet.
The average American consumes some 22 teaspoons of sugar a day, with packaged beverages like sodas and sports drinks supplying almost half of added sugar intake, according to a 2015 report by the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC).
A large amount of added sugar also lurks in countless other processed food sources, including breads, sauces, and salad dressings. Check out the amount in these commercial products.
Mark Hyman, MD, functional-medicine pioneer and director of the Cleveland Clinic’s Center for Functional Medicine, hailed the USDA’s revision as “the most powerful recommendation” of the latest guidelines on his Facebook page.
Beyond causing cavities, sugar is a major culprit in bodywide inflammation, fueling chronic diseases, and even increasing our risks of cancer. As freelancer Catherine Guthrie described for Experience Life in May 2011: “Sugar can contribute to cellular inflammation, which is like a continuing series of paper cuts that compromise cell function. Deep inside the body, these microscopic wounds fester below the pain threshold. Because many of us don’t see or feel the damage, there is little incentive to cut back on the inflammatory diet that is causing this constant cellular damage, so the party continues.”
A 2014 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study, published in JAMA Internal Medicine, found that people whose sugar consumption made up 25 percent or more of their daily caloric intake had more than twice the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than people whose sugar intake was less than 10 percent of their daily calories.
The trick to enjoying the sweet things in life is to ferret out hidden sugars and save small doses of sugar for dessert, where it belongs. “You can subtract grams and grams of sugar out of your diet without ever touching dessert,” says David Katz, MD, director and cofounder of the Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center.
Other key shifts in the guidelines are a focus on consuming whole, nutrient-dense foods, which Hyman notes, “moves away from the confusion in past guidelines by highlighting whole foods, not just ingredients.”
Reversing a 50-year trend, the guidelines also moved away from previous recommendations about cholesterol, advising Americans simply to “eat as little dietary cholesterol as possible.”
“Cholesterol is not considered a nutrient of concern for overconsumption,” stated the DGAC in 2015.