This chile reference guide profiles 100 varieties; gives information about growing, storing, handling and cooking; and culminates with 85 fiery recipes.
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Here's a guide to the most common peppers commercially available, with their Scoville rating (which measures chilies' heat). The higher the number on the Scoville scale, the more capasaicin a chili has — and the hotter it is. As a rule of thumb, the smaller the chili, the hotter it is likely to be.